Spanish is associated as the language of romance, it comes from vulgar Latin. This language was born in the Iberian Peninsula, which today houses countries such as Spain and Portugal.
This language is official in 20 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Spain, Uruguay and Venezuela; besides Puerto Rico. Although it is not an official language, Spanish is also spoken in the United States, Belize, Andorra and Gibraltar.
Therefore, there are more than 400 million people whose language is Spanish, thus being the second most spoken language in the world, after Chinese. English follows Spanish with some 360 million native speakers.
However, Spanish is the third most studied language in the world, after English and French. In addition to those 400 million Spanish speakers, another 9 million speak Spanish as a second language.
Currently, the interest to learn Spanish in the Anglo-Saxon countries has grown considerably. In the United Kingdom it has been perceived as "the most important language for the future", according to the report made by the Cervantes Institute, called "Spanish: a living language". While in the United States it is more studied at all levels of education.
The Spanish language is the third most used on the Internet
One of the indicators that demonstrate the weight of this language is the Internet, since Spanish occupies the third place as the most used language in the network, followed by English and Chinese.
In addition, of its importance worldwide, Spanish also tops the list in international trade. The study carried out by the Cervantes Institute indicates that "the contribution of Spanish-speaking countries as a whole to world GDP is 6.4%", thus overcoming the German-speaking or Francophone countries.
The Spanish language and its various dialects
Since Spanish is spoken by so many people in different countries, it is not surprising that it has developed a series of different dialects. In general, the classical division is between Spanish in Spain or Castilian and Spanish in Latin America.
Within each division there are variations that involve pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and intonation. Despite the various regional differences, Spanish speakers from different countries can be understood without much difficulty.
Reasons for the expansion of Spanish language in the world
There is a reason why Spanish is present in the five continents, obviously, it is because it is closely linked to history and geography.
With the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the American continent, Castilian arrived in the New World, and is generally known as Spanish of America. In this continent it was enriched with the contribution of the aboriginal languages of Hispano-America.
This is why Spanish is the official language in 20 countries in the America and the Caribbean. In addition, it is a native language in certain areas of the United States (Arizona, California, New Mexico and Florida), being the country that has this language as the second main language, with more than 23 million speakers.
If we talk about other areas of the world, the reasons why the Spanish language is spoken are the following:
● They were Spanish colonies. Equatorial Guinea and the Philippines.
● Resides a large number of immigrants of Hispanic origin.
● Spanish is the mother tongue of hundreds and thousands of Jews or Sephardic descendants of those expelled from Spain.
It's difficult to speak Spanish?
This is a question that many students ask themselves. The truth is that it tends to be much easier than learning other languages, since the language has a phonetic advantage for foreign students: it is pronounced and read almost as written.
However, there is a list of complexities that any student of Spanish will have to overcome. Today we will mention just a few:
● The difference between the verbs.
● The uses of the h and the ñ.
● The expressiveness and irony of the Spanish language.
● The various characteristics of the Spanish language. With a large volume of speakers, it is inevitable that there are different ways of speaking Spanish. Therefore, it is important to acquire a neutral skill that allows the student to communicate with all people in the Hispanic world.
Countries that study Spanish as a second language
The number of people who learn this language around the world is already reaching 21 million.
The ranking of the countries with the most students studying this language as a foreign language is led by the United States, with 7.82 million people. An amount that is not surprising, since it is the second most spoken language in this country.
The second and third places in the ranking of countries with the most students of Spanish for foreigners are Brazil, with 6.12 million students, and France with about 2.6 million. In the case of the South American giant, the Government estimates that, within a decade, 30 million Brazilians will have Spanish as a second language.
Thanks to the success of the Spanish language throughout the world, more and more students decide to train themselves to teach Spanish as a foreign language. The main objective is to work abroad.
To promote the native language, the Spanish teacher will try to teach concepts such as spelling, literary culture and the specificities of Spanish-speaking civilization around the world. In order to enrich the vocabulary.
Globalization and the future of Spanish
Globalization is helping to strengthen international languages. Today, five trends in the valuation of languages are identified:
● Reduction of the number of languages in the world.
● The impact of migration.
● Increase in tourism and second or third language learning.
● Internet use.
● The relevance of international scientific publications.
Also, globalization is helping to emerge in the public domain or international language of lesser weight. Therefore, Spanish represents a mystical treasure, an incalculable source of power, influence and wealth.
If globalization contributes to the expansion of borders, opening markets, facilitating contact and expanding the demand for language learning, countries must confront the promotion of their language as an essential element of their diplomacy and as a cultural and active asset of your economy.